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John A. Logan

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第一個正式的陣亡將士紀念日 (Memorial Day) :1868530

你有沒有慶祝陣亡將士紀念日呢?在1868年時,美國陸軍總司令約翰‧羅根 (John A. Logan) 正式頒佈第11號將軍令,訂定每年的511日為陣亡將士紀念日。他說在這天時,人們「要把花束或其他裝飾品擺放在那些在叛亂、戰爭中為了防禦國家而犧牲的軍人墳墓上,現在每個城市的墓園裡,都有這些士兵的墳墓。」你知道第一個陣亡將士紀念日的紀念儀式是在哪裡舉行的嗎?

Do you celebrate Memorial Day? In 1868, Commander in Chief John A. Logan of the grand Army of the Republic issued what was called General Order Number 11, designating May 30 as a memorial day. He declared it to be "for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village, and hamlet churchyard in the land." Where do you suppose that first Memorial Day took place?

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