InfoUSA Logo - U.S. Department of Statespacing image SEARCH >spacing imageSITE MAP >
U.S. LIFE  navigation seperator image  U.S. EDUCATION  navigation seperator image  U.S. GOVERNMENT  navigation seperator image  U.S. MEDIA  navigation seperator image  U.S. ECONOMY  navigation seperator image  QUIZZES   navigation seperator image  GUIDED TOURS

U.S. GOVERNMENT > The Three Branches > The Judicial Branch > How U.S. Courts Work


Further information on the U.S. Courts

    Amar, Akhil Reed and Vikram David Amar
    "Improving the Judicial System: Unlocking the Jury Box." Current, no. 384, July 1996, pp. 11-21.

    American Bar Association
    Law and the Courts: A Handbook About United States Law and Court Procedures, with a Glossary of Legal Terms. ABA Press, 1987.

    Apple, James G. and Robert P. Deyling
    A Primer on the Civil-Law System. Washington, D.C.: Federal Judicial Center, 1995.

    Biskupic, Joan and Elder Witt
    Guide to the U.S. Supreme Court. 2 vols. 3d ed. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1997.

    Biskupic, Joan
    "Inside the Supreme Court." Washington
    Includes "Who's Who," "How the Court Works" and "Notable Cases."

    Boatright, Robert G.
    Improving Citizen Response to Jury Summonses. The American Judicature Society, 1998.

    Breyer, Stephen G.
    "Judicial Independence in the U.S."
    Remarks by U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Breyer, delivered at the Conference of Supreme Courts of the Americas, Washington, D.C., October 1995.

    Caplan, Lincoln
    "Unequal Loyalty: Can Federal Public Defenders Serve Two Masters, When One Is the Judges Who Appoint Them, and the Other is the Clients They Represent?" ABA Journal, vol. 81, July 1995, pp. 54-60.

    Carp, Robert A. and Ronald Stidham
    Judicial Process in America. 4th ed. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1998.
    See especially Chapter 7, "The Criminal Court Process" and Chapter 8, "The Civil Court Process."

    "Civil Law Glossary." Update on Law-Related Education, vol. 21, no. 3, Fall 1997,
    pp. 60-62.

    Cohn, Marjorie and David Dow.
    Cameras in the Courtroom: Television and the Pursuit of Justice. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 1998.

    Commission on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution
    The Supreme Court of the United States: Its Beginnings and Its Justices, 1790-1991. The Commission, 1992.

    Committee on Codes of Conduct. Judicial Conference of the United States.
    Code of Conduct for United States Judges. Washington, D.C.: Office of the General Counsel, Administrative Office of the United States Courts, March 1997.

    "Covering the Courts." Media Studies Journal, vol. 12, no. 1, Winter 1998.
    Entire issue is devoted to media coverage of the courts, including live-camera coverage.

    "Defining Drug Courts: The Key Components." U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Drug Court Program Office, January 1997.

    "Drug Courts: Overview of Growth, Characteristics and Results." U.S. General Accounting Office. Report to the Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, and the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, July 1997. GAO GGD-97-106.

    Esterling, Kevin M.
    "Public Outreach: the Cornerstone of Judicial Independence." Judicature, vol. 82, no. 3, November-December 1998, pp. 112-117.

    Esterling, Kevin M.
    "Judicial Accountability the Right Way: Official Performance Evaluations Help the Electorate as well as the Bench." Judicature, vol. 82, no. 5, March-April 1999,
    pp. 206-215.

    "Facts on Drug Courts." National Association of Drug Court Professionals, NAD.C.P

    Feeley, Malcolm M. and Edward L. Rubin
    Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

    Fine, Toni M.
    American Legal Systems: A Resource and Reference Guide. Cincinatti, OH: Anderson Publishing Co., 1997.

    Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335
    The landmark Supreme Court decision that established the right of counsel
    for all defendants.

    Glazer, Elizabeth
    "How Federal Prosecutors Can Reduce Crime." Public Interest, Issue 136,
    Summer 1999, pp. 85-99.

    Goldfield, David R.
    Black, White and Southern: Race Relations and Southern Culture, 1940 to the Present. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1991.

    Goldman, Sheldon and Elliot Slotnick
    "Clinton's Second-Term Judiciary: Picking Judges Under Fire." Judicature, vol. 8, no. 6, May-June 1999, pp. 264-284.

    Grossman, Joel B.
    "American Legal Culture." Janosik, Robert J. in the Encyclopedia of the American Judicial System, pp. 767-782. New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1987.

    "Guide to Law Clerks and Clerking at the U.S. Supreme Court." Jurist, The Law Professors' Network.
    Discussion of the law clerk selection process that has recently become a subject of academic and public debate.

    Hays, Steven et al.
    "Symposium -- Evaluating the Administrative Performance of the Courts -- Very Long-Range Judicial Planning in the Public Policy Process." Public Administration Quarterly, vol. 22, no. 4, Winter 1999.
    Includes six articles analyzing various aspects of federal and state-court management issues.

    "How the Public Views the State Courts: A 1999 National Survey." National Center for State Courts, 1999.

    "Independence of the Judiciary," USIA Electronic Journal, Issues of Democracy," vol. 1, no. 18, December 1996.

    Jost, Kenneth
    "The Federal Judiciary: Are the Attacks on U.S. Courts Justified?" CQ Researcher,
    vol. 8, no. 10, March 13, 1998, pp. 217-240.

    Jost, Kenneth
    "Plea Bargaining: Does the Widespread Practice Promote Justice?" CQ Researcher,
    vol. 9, no. 6, February 12, 1999, pp. 113-136.

    Judicial Ethics and the Administration of Justice: A Videotaped Instructional Program on Judicial Ethics. American Judicature Society, 1990.
    This two-tape program covers such topics as courtroom demeanor, conflict of interest and disqualification, off-the-bench conduct and supervision of court personnel.

    Law Enforcement Coordinating Committee
    "Victim and Witness Rights: United States Attorneys' Responsibilities." 3d ed., July 1999. Victim Witness Staff of the Executive Office for United States Attorneys. U.S. Department of Justice.

    McFadden, Patrick
    Electing Justice: The Law and Ethics of Judicial Election Campaigns. American Judicature Society, 1990.

    Meador, Daniel John
    American Courts. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co. 1991.

    O'Connor, Sandra Day
    "Confidence in the Courts." [Warning: This file is over 400K.]
    Final address by the Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court at the National Conference on Public Trust and Confidence in the Justice System. Washington, D.C.,
    May 16, 1999.

    Orfield, Gary
    Dismantling Desegregation: The Quiet Reversal of Brown v. Board of Education. New York, NY: New Press, 1996.

    Payne, Robert E.
    "Difficulties, Dangers & Challenges Facing the Judiciary Today." University of Richmond Law Review, vol. 32, no. 3, May 1998, pp. 891-903.

    Rehnquist, William H.
    "The Future of the Federal Courts."
    Remarks by the Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court at the Washington College of Law Centennial Celebration, American University, April 9, 1996.

    Rehnquist, William H.
    "Building Public Confidence in Our Judicial System."
    Keynote address by the Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court at the National Conference on Public Trust and Confidence in the Justice System, Washington, D.C.,
    May 14, 1999.
    For a description of the entire conference, click here.

    Smith, Alexa J.
    "Federal Judicial Impeachment: Defining Process Due." Hastings Law Journal, vol. 46, January 1995, pp. 639-674.

    Smith, Christopher E.
    Judicial Self-Interest: Federal Judges and Court Administration. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1995.

    Stein, Robert, et al.
    "Judicial Outreach Initiatives -- Panel Discussion." Sponsored by the American Bar Association. Albany Law Review, vol. 62, no. 4, February 1999, pp. 1401-1424.

    Stumpf, Harry P. and John H. Culver
    The Politics of State Courts. New York, NY: Longman Press, 1992.

    Sunstein, Cass R.
    One Case at a Time: Judicial Minimalism on the Supreme Court. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.

    The Judicial Branch, Videocassette, 16 min. Bakersfield, CA: Centurion Video, 1997.
    Covers the court structure including the Supreme Court; Circuit Courts of Appeals; district courts and special courts; appeals; cases; and responsibilities of the courts and of citizens.

    Tushnet, Mark V.
    Brown v. Board of Education: The Battle for Integration. New York, NY: Franklin Watts, 1995.

    Tushnet, Mark V.
    Taking the Constitution Away from the Courts. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

    Wheeler, Russell R. and Cynthia Harrison
    Creating the Federal Judicial System, 2d ed. Federal Judicial Center, 1994.

    Weisbrot, Robert
    Freedom Bound: A History of America's Civil Rights Movement. New York, NY: Plume, 1990.

    Wilson, Paul E.
    A Time to Lose: Representing Kansas in Brown v. Board of Education. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1995.

InfoUSA is maintained by the Bureau of International Information Programs (IIP), U.S. Department of State